India has an ambition to double farmers' income, and horticulture is viewed as the main growth engine of Indian agriculture for its high value and as an important source of nutrition. Horticulture, covering fruits, vegetables, root and tuber crops, spices, flowers, and plantation crops, contributes 33% of the agriculture GVA. Notably, between 2011-2012 and 2021-2022, total horticulture production has increased from 257.3 million tons to 347.1 million tons, exceeding foodgrain production since 2012. The growing trend in horticultural production is driven by the rise of domestic consumption because of population growth, shifting farmers' preference from foodgrains to high value horticulture crops, more health-conscious dietary preferences of consumers, and various government schemes that promote horticulture production. This has helped India become the second largest producer of fruits and vegetables in the world. Crop-wise, the country is the world's largest producer of mango, banana, guava, papaya, lemon, lime, and okra. the yield of several horticulture crops in India remains lower than the global average. The use of land and water resources is maximized to meet the growing domestic horticultural produce consumption and export demand. Therefore, the productivity of horticultural cropsneeds to be increased to meet their potential.
Note: Please Download Project Document attached to this Project for more information.